The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a system of interrelated, internet-connected objects that are able to collect and transfer data over a wireless network without human intervention. The personal or business possibilities are endless.
In short, the Internet of Things refers to the rapidly growing network of connected objects that are able to collect and exchange data in real time using embedded sensors. Thermostats, cars, lights, refrigerators, and more appliances can all be connected to the IoT.
But the actual term “Internet of Things” was coined by Kevin Ashton in 1999 during his work at Procter&Gamble. Because the internet was the hottest new trend in 1999 and because it somehow made sense, he called his presentation “Internet of Things”.
4 Types Of IOT Networks
IoT makes everyday objects ‘smart’ by enabling them to transmit data and automate tasks, without requiring any manual intervention. An IoT device could be something as simple as a health tracking wearable, or as complex as a smart city with sensors across all its regions.
The term “Internet of Things” applies to any nonstandard computing device that connects to wifi and can transmit data. Well-known examples of IoT devices include smart speakers like Amazon Alexa or Google Home, smartwatches like the Apple Watch, internet-connected baby monitors, video doorbells, and even toys.
An IoT system consists of sensors/devices which “talk” to the cloud through some kind of connectivity. Once the data gets to the cloud, software processes it and then might decide to perform an action, such as sending an alert or automatically adjusting the sensors/devices without the need for the user.
Some real–world examples of IoT are wearable fitness and trackers (like Fitbits) and IoT healthcare applications, voice assistants (Siri and Alexa), smart cars (Tesla), and smart appliances (iRobot). With IoTs rapid deployment coming into contact with multiple IoT devices every day will be unavoidable soon.
Answer: IoT based technologies have a lot of different applications. The technologies are used in process automation, home automation, smart cars, decision analytics, and smart grids. The list of IoT applications will grow as the technology evolves in the years ahead.
However, all complete IoT systems are the same in that they represent the integration of four distinct components: sensors/devices, connectivity, data processing, and a user interface.
The Internet of things (IoT) describes the network of physical objects—“things”—that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the Internet. IoT can also be used in healthcare systems.
Kevin Ashton is an innovator and consumer sensor expert who coined the phrase “the Internet of Things” to describe the network connecting objects in the physical world to the Internet.
There are 7 crucial IoT characteristics:
RIOT OS is an operating system for Internet of Things (IoT) devices. It is based on a microkernel and designed for: energy efficiency, hardware independent development, a high degree of modularity.
The success equation: IoT = OT + IT
“IoT” is well named because it represents the merger of “IT” or Information Technology and “OT” or Operational Technology. While these technology spaces usually exist on different sides of a company, IoT solutions must combine them if they’re to work successfully.